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Minoan Phaistos Disk - History and Meaning


Minoan Phaistos Disk



Phaistos disk was found in 1908 at the ruins of the earlier Minoan palace of Phaistos in Crete (Greece). It is dated to 1700 BC, approximately. Its average diameter is 16 cm, it is 2.1 cm thick and it was made of clay.


Its mysterious inscription constitute 241 symbols, 122 on side A and 119 on side B, in spiral order. The 45 different symbols were actually printed on the clay and then the disk was fire-hardened. For that the Phaistos disk constitutes the most ancient piece of typography.



original phaistos disk

 Photo of the original Phaistos disk


Numberless attempts have been made so far to decipher the Phaistos disk, using the most diverse methods of study, leading to the most diverge conclusions about the purpose, the contents of its inscription and its creators. Till now, it has not been deciphered. According to many historians, the content of the text is religious.


The original piece is exhibited in the Heraklion Museum in Crete, Greece.




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