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Minoan Malia Bees - History and Meaning


Minoan Malia Bees - History and Symbolism



The Bees pendant is one of the most famous exhibits in the Herakleion Museum, in the island of Crete in Greece.


It has been found in the Old Palace cemetery at Chrysolakkos, outside the palace of Malia, the third largest Minoan palace.


The pendant dates back to the Bronze Age, to the Protopalatial Period (1800 - 1700 BC) and it's an amazing, very detailed representation of two bees carrying a drop of honey to their honeycomb.


This jewelry piece is an evidence of the artist's mastery in the process of faience or granulation,  the technique of soldering tiny pieces of metal, on the surface of the cast jewel.



ancient minoan bees pendant


Original golden pendant, actually exhibited in the Heraklion Museum in Crete, Greece



Bees have a symbolic and important connotation in many cultures worldwide. Bees were very important in the Minoan, matriarchal civilization. It is believed that the Great Mother of Mother Goddess was related to bees, while honey was used in rituals. As a symbol of the Mother Goddess, bees represent the mutual support and fertility.


Later on, Greek Goddess priestesses were called melissae (bees) and bees were associated with Demeter and Artemis.




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